Learn More: Measure

Assessing Student Learning

A key to creating effective assignments and exams is the concept of "alignment." As defined by Ralph Tyler almost fifty years ago, alignment simply means starting with the "desired outcomes" of the course and working backwards so that the assignments and examinations reflect and support them. In some sense a successful course can be considered as an exercise in reverse engineering. Figure out first where you want your students to end up, and (only) then how best to help them get there. Jim Wilkinson, Derek Bok Center for Teaching and Learning

Just as multiple teaching methods are critical for presenting content, allowing multiple ways for your students to demonstrate attainment of the outcome is also recommended.


Each of these resources provide tables summarizing appropriate assessment options for various types of learning objectives (based on Bloom's Taxonomy).